All Things Kenyan

Eastern Yellow-Billed Hornbill Facts

Name: Eastern Yellow-Billed Hornbill also known as Yellow-Billed Hornbill

Scientific Name: Tockus flavirostris

African Names: Buurtuu (Hausa), Ndege (Kiswahili), Mbizi(Kiswahili), Kwembe (Kiswahili), Kholwane (Zulu)

Eastern Yellow-Billed HornbillLength: 18 inches to 24 inches

Average Adult Weight: 6 to 10 ounces

Life Span: The Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill can live up to twenty or more years.

Description: The Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill is distinguished by it’s bright yellow bill and lack of large casque protecting its bill.

Habitat: This hornbill prefers dry and semi-arid areas like forests, savannahs, and shrublands. They stay away from coastal areas as well as the wetter highlands.

Countries found in: The Eastern Yellow-Billed Hornbill is found in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

Babies: The female hornbill lays three to four eggs inside a sealed cavity in a tree. The eggs are incubated for roughly twenty-five days. The newly hatched chicks are mature in about forty-five days.

Eastern Yellow-Billed HornbillFood: The Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill forage for seeds, small insects, spiders and scorpions on the ground.

Habits: Like the Von der Decken’s Hornbill, this hornbill seals the female within a tree hollow during incubation and chick rearing.

Conservation Status: Least Concern

Predators: Crowned eagles, leopards, and chimpanzees.

Interesting Facts: The Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill was formerly named Northern Yellow-billed Hornbill.
The Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill has a symbiotic relationship with the Dwarf Mongoose. The mongoose, when foraging, disturbs insect the hornbill eats. The hornbill will warn the mongoose of approaching danger.